HESYCHIAN BIBLE, the text of the Septuagint revised by Hesychius, Egyptian bishop of an unspecified diocese in the third century. He was a native of Alexandria, often wrongly identified with his namesake the lexicographer of the second century, who was a pagan. Hesychius the bishop is credited with the revision not only of the Septuagint but also of the New Testament or at least the four Gospels in circulation in Egypt. This recension is mentioned by Jerome as the work of Hesychius with the collaboration of Lucian of Antioch. According to Eusebius, Hesychius was martyred under DIOCLETIAN with three contemporaries: Pachomius, Phileas, and Theodorus. The four martyrs had written a letter dated A.D. 296, now available in a Latin version, to the schismatic Melitius, Bishop of Lycopolis in Upper Egypt, reprimanding him for irregular ordinations.
Criticisms have been made of the Hesychian text for undue additions to the Gospels that render them more apocryphal than truthful.
AZIZ S. ATIYA
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