GROHMANN, ADOLF (1887-1977), Austrian Semitic scholar and philologist. In Vienna he studied Semitic philology and Egyptology. He took instruction in old South Arabic and Arabic papyrology from D. H. von Müller and J. von Karabacek. After his habilitation at Vienna in 1915, he became an editor of the texts in the Erzherzog Rainer Collection. He was professor of Semitic languages at the German University of Prague from 1921 to 1945 and at Innsbruck from 1949 to 1956. He was also professor of Muslim history and archaeology at the University of Cairo from 1949 to 1956. His expansive editions of Arabic papyri in Vienna, Cairo, and Giessen, along with his works on Arabic paleography, are his primary contributions to scholarship. As regards Coptology, his work on SHENUTE is worthy of mention. His major works include "Die im Äthiopischen, Arabischen und Koptischen erhaltenen Visionen Apa Schenutes von Atripe" (Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenlandischen Gesellschaft 67, 1913, pp. 187-267, and 68, 1914, pp. 1-46); Griechische, koptische und arabische Texte zur Religion und religiösen Literatur in Ägyptens Spätzeit, with F. Bilabel (Heidelberg, 1934); Einführung und Chrestomathie zur arabischen Papyruskunde (Prague, 1954); Studien zur historischen Geographie und Verwaltung des frühmittelalterlichen Ägypten (Vienna, 1959); Arabische Chronologie, Arabische Papyruskunde (Handbuch der Orientalistik, Ergänzungsband 2, Leiden, 1966, pp. 63-90).
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