GOBIDLAHA, DADO, AND CAXO, SAINTS, three early Christian martyrs in fourth-century Persia. They belong to a minor tradition, so it is remarkable to find a Coptic testimony to their death. The only Sahidic codex is very fragmentary, but it allows a useful comparison with the other versions that exist in Greek (Acta Sanctorum, September, pp. 129-34) and in Syriac (Bedjan, 1890-1897, Vol. 4, p. 163, with the parallel Passion of Dado, pp. 210-21), which allows reconstruction of the events, along with an abstract in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION.
Dado, governor of a Persian province, is acknowledged to be Christian. He is denounced by the Persian king Shapur II, who sends a legate to kill him. Shapur's son, Gobidlaha, who is Dado's friend, goes to warn him and converts to Christianity himself. When Shapur discovers this, he summons Dado and Gobidlaha to his court. The king tries to persuade Gobidlaha by means of his sister Caxo, but she also converts to Christianity. All three are then martyred.
As can be seen in the remaining fragments, the Syriac and the Coptic versions perfectly agree, while the Greek redaction shows some differences. In the Greek version Dado is a senator, whereas the other versions specify that he is the governor of Media. In the Greek version the martyrdom of Dado is dated before the martyrdom of Gobidlaha and Caxo; in the other versions the three are killed together. The Syriac version gives a separate text for Dado, which agrees almost completely with the part concerning the passion of Gobidlaha. Possibly the original language was Syriac with the differing Greek version appearing prior to the Coptic. Perhaps the Greek served as an intermediary, even though the two texts differ.
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