DAUMAS, FRANÇOIS (1915-1984), French Egyptologist. He was born at Castelnau-le-Lez, near Montpellier. He was the son of François Daumas, who had participated as a draftsman-artist in the excavations of Jean MASPÉRO at BAWIT in 1913. A student of Gustave Lefebvre and Pierre LACAU, young Daumas was a resident of the Institut français d'Archéologie orientale du Caire (1946-1950) and later became its director (1959-1969). He occupied the chair of Egyptology and ancient Oriental history at the University of Lyons (1954-1959). After his return from Cairo in 1969, he held the chair of Egyptology at the Université Paul Valéry in Montpellier, where he created a new center of Egyptological studies and served as its director (1969-1978). Although primarily an Egyptologist, he dedicated part of his teaching and research to Coptic language and archaeology. With Antoine Guillaumont, he directed the French excavations conducted on the Coptic monastic site of KELLIA (1964-1969), as well as the first publication produced about this research (Kellia I, Kom 219, Cairo, 1969). To him must also be credited the publication of the posthumous work of Emile CHASSINAT (whose labors Daumas continued at Dandarah), Le manuscrit magique copte no. 42573 du Musée égyptien du Caire (Cairo, 1955), to which he added an appendix dealing with the identification of certain technical terms.
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