BAHIJ, a small village inhabited solely by bedouins, with a weekly market. It is located west of Alexandria (the last railway station before Burj al-‘Arab) on the south shore of Lake Maryut. The mounds of debris north of Bahij (Kom Bahij) contain ceramics of the Late Period. Possibly this is to be identified with the fortress of Psammetich I mentioned by Herodotus. In the area of the cemetery south of the railway line there are traces of a small settlement of late antiquity with the remains of a pillared structure that probably can be identified as a church. During excavations by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization in the spring of 1969 some buildings were found, as well as the remains of a wine press. The site is perhaps identical with the ancient Philoxenite on the south shore of Lake Maryut, which is frequently mentioned in the miracle stories of Saint Menas as the landing place for pilgrims traveling to ABU MINA (Drescher, 1946, fols. 13.3, 27.1, 6).
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