[Editorial note: map viewable in PDF version of this article.]
10. Nubia. The Nubians, speakers of the Nubian family of languages, in modern times have lived principally in the Nile Valley from Aswan, Egypt, to Debba (south of Old Dongola), Sudan. Much of this area was flooded by the building of the Aswan dams (1963-1969). In the Middle Ages the territory of the Nubians extended from Aswan to the confluence of the Blue and White Niles and comprised the kingdoms of NOBATIA, MAKOURIA, and 'ALWA. The Blemmye or BEJA TRIBES have occuped the Red Sea hills since pharaonic times. Area shown includes parts of modern-day Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia.
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