WILCKEN, ULRICH (1862-1944), founder of papyrology in Germany. He studied Egyptology (with Georg Ebers), Oriental languages, and ancient history at Leipzig. In Berlin he became a pupil of Theodor Mommsen, Eduard Meyer, and Adolf Erman. After being lecturer at several German universities, he was professor at Munich (1889-1915) and Berlin (1917-1931). He was a member of many academies in Europe, founded the journal Archiv für Papyrus-forschung, and published many papyri, among them Griechische Ostraka aus Ägypten und Nubien (2 vols., Leipzig and Berlin, 1899). His Grundzüge und Chrestomathie der Papyruskunde (with L. Mitteis, 2 vols., Leipzig and Berlin, 1912) became the handbook of papyrologists.
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