KAUFMANN, CARL MARIA (1872-1951), German priest and archaeologist. His discovery and excavation of ABU MINA (1905-1907) places him among the founders of Christian archaeology in Egypt. He also explored in the Fayyum and in Middle Egypt. His writings include several publications on Christian archaeology and on excavations and findings at Abu Mina, as well as various literary works. His autobiography is Allah ist gross (Freiburg, 1950).
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