JUNKER, HERMANN (1877-1962), German Egyptologist and Coptologist. He studied for the Catholic priesthood at Trier and then at Berlin with Egyptology as his major. He joined the University of Vienna in 1907. He was also involved in the foundation of the Institute of Egyptology and African Studies at Vienna University (1923), served as director of the German Archaeological Institute in Cairo (1929), and became professor of Egyptology at Cairo University. Junker was primarily an archaeologist, epigraphist, and "field man."
His excavations were all related to dynastic Egypt, and his colossal output is mainly in the field of Egyptology. Nevertheless, he made a number of significant contributions to Coptic studies.
AZIZ S. ATIYA
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