Street advertisements in Gaelic/Irish language, Iveagh Parade, Falls Road, West Belfast, 2004. One of the more unexpected results of the Troubles has been the revival of the Gaeilge/Irish language in Northern Ireland, particularly West Belfast.
Arches; Loyalist; Flags; Emblems
Loyalist street arch, Shankill Road, 2004. Depiction of Battle of Somme, First World War, 1st July 1916, '36th Ulster Division'. To left, emblem of Ulster Volunteer Force, 'For God and Ulster', with list of WW1 battles; to right, emblem of Young...
Flags; Great Britain; Israel
Flags on the Shankill Road, West Belfast. From left, the Northern Irish flag (Red Cross on white background, Red hand of Ulster centre, with Union Jack, top left corner; Union Jacks; Israeli flag - some Loyalists identify with Israel's position as...
Flags, St. James Rd., West Belfast. Flags for teams in World Cup 2010.
Gaelic language; Irish language; Street signs
Gaelic street sign, Deeny Drive, Lurgan, Northern Ireland. 'Oifig an Phoist' (Post Office).
Gaelic language; Street signs; Republican; Nationalist; Irish language
Street sign, Beechmount Avenue, Beechmount, West Belfast. 'RPG Avenue' street sign; Street sign in Gaelic 'Ascaill Ard na bhFeá' (Beechmount Avenue).
Graffiti, Beechmount Parade, Beechmount, West Belfast. Graffiti whitewashed; part of unofficial but authorised 'clean-up' of graffiti.
Graffiti, Iveagh Street, Broadway, West Belfast, 2008. Graffiti in support of 'CIRA' (Continuity IRA).
Graffiti; Great Britain. Army
Graffiti painted by British soldiers, Divis flats, West Belfast, 1981. 'Brits Rule Divis M INLA PIRA are Bent'. 'Bent' here may mean corrupt but is more likely to be homophobic. Divis flats, the highest point in West Belfast, was used by the...
Graffiti; Great Britain. Army; Irish Republican Army; Irish National Liberation Army
British Army graffiti, Divis Flats, Divis, West Belfast, 1989. British soldiers' graffiti on wall in Divis Flats complex; 'Brits Rule Divis M INLA PIRA are Bent' (homophobic insult). The British Army maintained an observation and communications...
Graffiti; Irish Republican Army
Republican Graffiti, Rockmount St., St James, West Belfast. 'IRA Rule Whiterock'; various local graffiti.
Graffiti; Loyalist; Adair, Johnny, 1963-
Loyalist graffiti, lower Shankill Road, 2003; former head of UDA/UFF 'C' Company, Johnny Adair, was threatened and forced out of Northern Ireland as a result of an internal feud in the loyalist paramilitary organisation in February 2003; 'Your Days...
Graffiti; Loyalist; Peace line
Loyalist graffiti, Peace Line, Lower Shankill, West Belfast, 1989. 'UVF' - Ulster Volunteer Force; 'FTP' - Fuck the Pope; 'Fuck Taigs' - Taig is derogatory reference to Catholic; 'Fuck IRA UDA Rules UVF'. The Peace Lines are mostly made of brick...
Graffiti; Loyalist; Peace line; Ulster Volunteer Force
Loyalist graffiti, Peace Line, Lower Shankill, West Belfast, 1989. 'UVF Kill All Taigs' - Ulster Volunteer Force; 'Taig' is a derogatory reference to Catholics. The Peace Lines are mostly made of concrete and steel walls up to 25 feet high, topped...
Loyalist graffiti, Village/Southlink, South Belfast, 1988. Graffiti refers to actions of Michael Stone, a Loyalist paramilitary who attacked Sinn Féin funeral of IRA Volunteers killed in Gibraltar at Milltown Cemetery in 1988; Stone killed three...
Loyalist graffiti, Sandy Row, South Belfast, 1988. Graffiti salutes Michael Stone, a Loyalist paramilitary who attacked Sinn Féin funeral of IRA Volunteers killed in Gibraltar at Milltown Cemetery in 1988; Stone killed three and injured sixty....
Loyalist mural, Sandy Row, East Belfast, 1981. Ulster Volunteer Force graffiti, anti-Republican Hunger Striker Bobby Sands: 'Support the UVF Sands Rot in Hell'.
Graffiti; Mural painting and decoration; Republican; Palestine; Israel
Republican mural and graffiti, Iveagh Parade, Falls Road, West Belfast 2004. 'Continuity IRA' graffiti: Continuity IRA was formed as a breakaway paramilitary group from the IRA after Republican Sinn Féin broke with Sinn Féin in 1986 on the...
Graffiti, Unity Flats, Belfast City Centre, 1983. Centre-left, background, 'Celtic' (Celtic Football Club in Glasgow is the team which Northern Irish Catholics traditionally follow); local graffiti.
Graffiti, Unity Flats, Belfast City Centre, 1983. Centre-left, background, symbol of Anti-Nazi League, anti-Fascist organisation in Britain in the 1970s and 80s; centre right, illegible/incomplete - '?We Are the Enemy... Nazi'.