Turks; Mamluks; Ottoman Empire; Copts; Conversion; Islam; Monks; Monasteries; Taxation; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Roman Catholic Church; Missionaries; Coptic Church; Administration; French language
Abbots; Asceticism; Coptic language - Bohairic dialect; Coptic language - Sahidic dialect; Literature; Manuscripts; Monks; Monasteries; Shenute, ca. 348-466; The White Monastery; Titles of honor and nobility
Egypt; Generals; Muhammad, Ali; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Ottoman Empire; Crimean War, 1853-1856; Patriarchs and patriarchate; United States; Missionaries; Conversion; Conversion - Christianity; Coptic Church; Muslims
Byzantine Empire; Emperors--Byzantine Empire; Justinian I, Emperor of the East, 483?-565; Patriarchs and patriarchate; Council of Chalcedon (451); Melchite Church; Coptic Church; Theodore, of Mopsuestia, Bishop, ca. 350- 428 or 9; Nestorians;...