Arab Conquest of Egypt; Ptolemaic dynasty, 305-30 B.C.; Greek language; Coptic language - Akhmimic dialect; Coptic language - Bohairic dialect; Coptic language - Sahidic dialect; Liturgies; Bible; Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6; Council...
Asceticism; Saints; Roman Empire; Hermits; Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6; Pharaohs; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Pachomian monasticism; Persecution; Monks; Monasteries; Philosophers; Cenobites; Hagiography; Demons
Cities and towns; Christian converts; Byzantine Empire; Greek language; Coptic language; Copts; Persecution; Politics; Roman Empire; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Arabic language; Monasteries; Coptic Church; Muslim converts from Christianity;
Egypt; Generals; Muhammad, Ali; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Ottoman Empire; Crimean War, 1853-1856; Patriarchs and patriarchate; United States; Missionaries; Conversion; Conversion - Christianity; Coptic Church; Muslims
Paganism; Constantine I, Emperor of Rome, d. 337; Constantius II, Emperor of Rome, 317-361; Basil, the Great, saint, Bishop of Caesarea, ca. 329- 379; Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint; Pachomius, Saint; History of the Patriarchs; Nubia;
Patriarchs and patriarchate; Copts; Coptic Church; Monks; Monasteries; Alexandria (Egypt); History of the Patriarchs; Archons; Muslims; Islam; Taxation; ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb, Caliph, d. 644; Council of Chalcedon (451)