Asceticism; Saints; Roman Empire; Hermits; Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6; Pharaohs; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Pachomian monasticism; Persecution; Monks; Monasteries; Philosophers; Cenobites; Hagiography; Demons
Cities and towns; Christian converts; Byzantine Empire; Greek language; Coptic language; Copts; Persecution; Politics; Roman Empire; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Arabic language; Monasteries; Coptic Church; Muslim converts from Christianity;
Copts; Coptic Church; Fatimid dynasty; Politics; Law and society; al-Hakim; Persecution; Islam; Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, 1137-1193; Jews; Judaism; Christianity; Conversion - Christianity; Christian converts; Muslim converts from...
Egypt; Generals; Muhammad, Ali; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Ottoman Empire; Crimean War, 1853-1856; Patriarchs and patriarchate; United States; Missionaries; Conversion; Conversion - Christianity; Coptic Church; Muslims