'Amr ibn al-'As; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Arabs; Asceticism; Alexandria; Cairo (Egypt); Byzantine Empire; Coptic Church; Heraclius, Emperor of the East, ca. 575-641; History; Chalcedonian Church; Melchite Church; Orthodoxy
Administration; Egypt; Geography; Diocletian, Emperor of Rome, 245-313; Justinian I, Emperor of the East, 483?-565; History; Roman Empire; Politics; Law and society; Taxation; Bishops; Paganism; Orthodoxy; Heresy
Bishops; Byzantine Empire; Emperors--Byzantine Empire; Heraclius, Emperor of the East, ca. 575-641; Council of Chalcedon (451); Dioscorus, Patriarch of Alexandria, d. 454; Persecution; Arab Conquest of Egypt; History; History of the Patriarchs;...
Cities and towns; Christian converts; Byzantine Empire; Greek language; Coptic language; Copts; Persecution; Politics; Roman Empire; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Arabic language; Monasteries; Coptic Church; Muslim converts from Christianity;
Coptic Church; Monks; Monasteries; Patriarchs and patriarchate; Copts; Archons; Mamluks; Christianity; History of the Patriarchs; Ottoman Empire; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Nile River; Dhimmis; Jews; Roman Empire; French