Cities and towns; Christian converts; Byzantine Empire; Greek language; Coptic language; Copts; Persecution; Politics; Roman Empire; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Arabic language; Monasteries; Coptic Church; Muslim converts from Christianity;
'Amr ibn al-'As; Arab Conquest of Egypt; Arabs; Asceticism; Alexandria; Cairo (Egypt); Byzantine Empire; Coptic Church; Heraclius, Emperor of the East, ca. 575-641; History; Chalcedonian Church; Melchite Church; Orthodoxy
Cities and towns; Nile River; Bishops; History; Council of Ephesus (431); Arab Conquest of Egypt; Coptic Church; Heresy; Taxation; Byzantine Empire; Islam; Copts; Churches; Crusades - 13th-15th centuries; Textiles; Manuscripts; Greek Orthodox Church
Copts; Coptic Church; Fatimid dynasty; Politics; Law and society; al-Hakim; Persecution; Islam; Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, 1137-1193; Jews; Judaism; Christianity; Conversion - Christianity; Christian converts; Muslim converts from...