Politics; Military; Generals; Egypt; French; France; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Copts; Coptic Church; Polemics; Muslims; Islam; Christianity; Nationalism; Greeks; French language; Journalism; Pilgrims and pilgrimages; Mamluks;...
Coptic Church; Monks; Monasteries; Patriarchs and patriarchate; Copts; Archons; Mamluks; Christianity; History of the Patriarchs; Ottoman Empire; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Nile River; Dhimmis; Jews; Roman Empire; French
Wādī al-Naṭrūn (Egypt); Kellia Site (Egypt); Monasteries; Hermits; Scholars; Apophthegmata Patrum; Scetis; Palladius, Bishop of Aspuna, d. ca. 430; Sozomen, ca. 400-ca. 450; Cassian, John, ca. 360-ca. 435
Turks; Mamluks; Ottoman Empire; Copts; Conversion; Islam; Monks; Monasteries; Taxation; Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821; Roman Catholic Church; Missionaries; Coptic Church; Administration; French language