This unrelentingly grim series of photographs is in stark contrast to the brightly colorized postcards featuring European cities and panoramic views in the Frankel Collection, many of which pre-date World War One. Several sources identify the publisher of this pamphlet as the U.S. Signal Corps, but its name and official insignia appears only on eight photographs. Significantly, some of the most stark, close shots of cadavers do not have the tag line "U.S. Official". Speculation exists as to whether this was an internal or unofficial publication. Potentially, given the terrain, duration and military personnel depicted in these images, most if not all these photographs could potentially have been taken during the months long Meuse-Argonne Offensive (September to November 1918) in France.